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Item Code: M23736
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The shadow box frame with fancy gold gilt border measures 30” x 26”. The items inside are wired or tacked to the box portion of the frame.
Private/Corporal William Lyman of Co. K, 16th Massachusetts Infantry enlisted July 2, 1861 in Cambridge, MA. He was present with his until through Jan. 1, 1863 when he is promoted to Corporal. He served with his until April 28, 1863 when he was “absent sick in Genl Hospital”. His pension records indicate “Malarial poisoning in the Peninsular Campaign in May 1862” as the cause of his hospitalization. He mustered out on July 27, 1864, never rejoining his regiment. He died May 5, 1911.
William’s brother Edward Lyman also enlisted July 2, 1861 in Co. K of the 16th Massachusetts Infantry and was appointed Corporal on Dec. 1, 1862. At the Battle of Chancellorsville he was wounded in his left shoulder and died of his gunshot wounds and Typhoid Fever on June 7, 1863.
The 16th Regt. Mass. Vol. Inf. was made up of companies recruited in Middlesex County in April and May, 1861. By Special Order of June 17, 1861, it was ordered to assemble at Camp Cameron, North Cambridge, on the 2d of July. Its companies were mustered in on various dates between June 29 and July 12, with Powell T. Wyman, a West Point graduate, as its colonel. It left the State August 17, and was in camp near Baltimore, Md., until Sept. 1, on which date it removed to Hampton, Va., where it was in camp during the autumn and winter of 1861-62.
In May, 1862, it was posted temporarily at Gosport Navy Yard and at Suffolk, Va., and on June 12 joined the Army of the Potomac near Fair Oaks. It there formed a part of Grover's Brigade, Hooker's Division, Heintzelman's (3d) Corps. It was engaged with heavy loss on the Williamsburg road, June 18, and took part in the battle of Oak Grove, June 25. In the Seven Days fighting the 16th was heavily engaged at Glendale, June 30, losing its commander, Col. Wyman.
Transferred to Alexandria during the last of August, it proceeded with its corps to the vicinity of Warrenton Junction. In the 2d Bull Run campaign, on August 29 it was in the charge of Grover's Brigade on the Confederate position at the famous railroad embankment near Groveton, losing heavily. After this campaign the regiment remained in or near the defenses of Washington until November. About this time Gen. Carr succeeded Gen. Grover in command of the brigade. After the battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1862, where the 16th was not heavily engaged, it went into winter quarters near Falmouth. At Fredericksburg it suffered one notable loss in the death of Chaplain Fuller, who had resigned and was about to depart for home, but went into the fight as a volunteer and was killed.
At Chancellorsville, May 3, 1863 as a part of Carr's Brigade, Berry's Division, Sickles' (3d) Corps, the 16th was heavily engaged, suffering severe losses. At Gettysburg, July 2, it suffered still more heavily while defending the line of the Emmittsburg road. Gen. Berry having been killed at Chancellorsville, Gen. Humphreys now commanded the division.
In the fall of 1863 the regiment was active in the operations near the Rappahannock and Rapidan and in late November participated in the Mine Run campaign. The winter was spent in camp near Brandy Station.
When the 3d Corps was broken up in the spring of 1864, the 16th Regt. became a part of McAllister's Brigade, Mott's Division, Hancock's (2d) Corps. With this command it was engaged with loss at the Wilderness, May 5 and 6, 1864, on the line of the Plank road. Again at Spotsylvania on the 10th and 12th of May its losses were heavy, especially on the last named date when it participated in the assault on the Bloody Angle, where Lieut. Col. Merriam was killed.
After Spotsylvania Mott's Division had become so reduced in numbers that it was consolidated with Birney's Division. As a part of this division the regiment was engaged at North Anna, Totopotomoy, and in front of Petersburg until July 11, 1864, when it transferred its recruits and re-enlisted men to the 1 1th Mass. and started for home. It arrived in Massachusetts July 22, and on July 27 was mustered out of the United States service.
Regiment lost during service 16 Officers and 134 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 93 Enlisted men by disease. Total 245.
Items in the display which are identified to William Lyman are:
1. Red and white silk with tag: “Handkerchief – carried during the Civil War by William H. Lyman Co K 16th Regt.” Fair condition.
2. New Testament 1860 American Bible Society New York. Name, unit and “Watertown, Mass. Listed April 19, 1861” written on front page in pencil.
3. Identification disk/dog tag. Pewter with “Wm. H. Lyman/Co K/16t Reg./Mass V./WATERTOWN MASS” on one side. Reverse with “War of 1861” and battles “FAIR OAKS/7 DAYS BEFORE RICHMOND/BRISTOW STATION/BULL RUN/CHANTILLA [sic]/FREDERICKSBURG”, “ENGAGED IN THE ABOVE BATTLES” surrounded by a wreath. VF condition +.
4. Tintype 2 ½” x 4 ¼”. “W.H. LYMAN 16 MASS” scratched on front/bottom. Wears an enlistedman’s overcoat and kepi. Holding his musket with bayonet fixed in front. Nice photographer’s backdrop with tent & US flag.
5. Nearly full length seated CDV of William as a Corporal. Wearing a 4-button sack coat.
Items in the display which are identified to Edward Lyman include:
1. Red & white silk “Handkerchief Carried by Edward Lyman during the Civil War. Co. K 16th Reg.” Again a nice old tag. Condition fair with shredding.
2. Tintype 2 ½” x 4 ¼” of Edward wearing an enlistedman’s frock coat, forage cap etc., holding what appears to be a Colt Navy Revolver in his lap. Small table at his side with US flag.
3. Sixth Plate Ambrotype of Edward as a Fireman with leather helmet with front plate with large #2 and “HOSE RELIEF/WJM”. Belt with “2” on front.
In the center of the display is a quarter plate Ruby Ambrotype of both brothers in early war state uniforms. Condition good with a few age spots on surface.
There are some items which cannot be identified as to which brother carried them. They are:
1. Double edged dagger. Wood handle meas. 4 ¼” with brass ferrule. Blade measures 6 ¼” with integral crossguard formed by two forward curling branches.
2. Allen and Wheelock Double Action Pocket Model Percussion Revolver. Large frame type C. 1857 - early 1860’s. .34 cal 5 shot. 3” octagonal barrel. Cylinder with engraved forest scene decoration, including deer and dogs. Two piece walnut grips. All metal VG+ with semi-bright finish. Mechanically perfect. Production likely about 500. Serial batch #98. Frame marked “Allen & Wheelock”. Hammer marked “Patented April 16, 1845”. Transitional type with sliding cylinder pin secured by screw through the bottom of the frame. Estimates of quantity made range from 50 on up.
3. Roll up soldier’s sewing housewife. Leather exterior with silk lining. Gusseted pocket for thread and pin cushions on cylinder ends. #6 size thimble w/inset storage area.
4. Small leather wallet with kepi company letter “K” on outer flap. Flap is detached from body of wallet. Fair condition.
5. 2 wooden rings, one with an anchor and chain carved on top. Smaller ring plain, with crack.
6. Upper left corner – CDV of Lincoln and his son Tad.
7. Two well-worn fractional pieces of currency.
8. Three period coins: 1. Half Penny, 1861 2. Republic of Guatam. 3. Unknown.
9. CDV – Cartoon sketch of a tent w/”HD QRS CSA” – Union officers outside with Mrs. Davis at tent’s flap. Below is “MRS. DAVIS: Please Gentlemen do not disturb. The privacy of Ladies before they are dressed” CORP: “We’ll wait marm Put on your duds” 1865. Refers to Jeff Davis’ trying to escape dressed as a woman.
10. CDV of a civilian, John H. Culligan. San Francisco photographer. Jacob Shew Enameled Card.
Included are copies of National Archives Service and Pension records.
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