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Item Code: 344-1728
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Henry Slocum was an important Union Civil War General. He graduated from West Point 7th in his class in 1852. He stayed in the Army for several years, serving in the Seminole War in Florida and then saw duty at Fort Moultrie, SC until he resigned his commission in October 1856. Returning home to New York state, he then became an attorney in Syracuse while remaining a Colonel in the New York Militia. At the outbreak of the Civil War Slocum became Colonel of the 27th New York Infantry. Slocum was wounded at the first battle of Bull Run, and his regiment suffered 130 casualties. Soon after, in August 1861, Slocum was promoted to Brigadier General in command of a brigade. In October 1862 he was made Commander of the 12th Army Corps after its commander Joseph Mansfield was killed at the battle of Antietam. Slocum was involved at the battles of Chancellorsville and later Gettysburg. After Gettysburg Slocum was transferred to the Western Theater. When General James McPherson was killed in Atlanta, General Sherman selected Slocum to command the newly formed 20th Army Corps made from remnants of his old 12th Corps and the 11th Corps. When Atlanta fell in September 1864 Slocum's corps was the first to enter the city. The Army of Georgia was formed by combining Slocum's 20th Army Corps and the 14th Corps and would now form the left wing of Sherman's "March to the Sea" Army. Presentation of this sword probably dates to late 1864 in Atlanta where Slocum was given the "Army of Georgia."
This General Officer's sword by Tiffany & Company exhibits a fluted silver grip, silver chain and silver langette and gold etched blade. Scabbard with high relief and engraved mounts has engraved presentation which reads "PRESENTED TO MAJ. GENL. H.W. SLOCUM COM'D ARMY OF GEORGIA FROM THE MEMBERS OF HIS STAFF". Swords to Major Generals who commanded entire armies are rare. This is a beautiful example.
PROVENANCE: Pictured in John Thillmann "Civil War Army Swords" page 517 and 518, also pictured in Kevin Hoffmann "Swords of Honor and Regulation", Kevin Hoffman Collection.
CONDITION: 32" double edged blade full firm marked "Tiffany & Co NY" has 17" etched panels on either side with gold background. Blade overall is bright with scattered areas of staining and light pitting. Etched panels retain most of their original luster and most of their original gold background. Fluted silver grip, langette and chain are very good with gray/silver patina. Brass cruciform crossguard with pine cone finials and helmeted bust retain strong traces of original gold wash with remainder yellow brass patina. German silver scabbard body and brass mounts retain about 30% original gilt with remainder a dull silver patina with scattered small scratches, stains and dents.
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