19th NEW YORK & CONFEDERATE “CLEANED & REPAIRED” MODEL 1862 JOSLYN CARBINE

$3,750.00 SOLD

Quantity Available: None

Item Code: 2020-471

This Joslyn carbine Model 1862 used a pivoting breechblock system invented and patented by Massachusetts gun designer Benjamin Franklin Joslyn in 1855. Under his June 1862 government contract, the Joslyn Fire Arms Company of Stonington, Connecticut, produced this carbine now designated as the Model 1862. This specimen is in solid but well-used condition. It is identified by serial number as being issued to a cavalryman in the 9th New York cavalry and is also stamped with a “Z” indicating it was captured and reused by Confederate cavalry.

The Joslyn carbine fired a standard Spencer rimfire cartridge of .52 caliber. Joslyn’s unique loading arrangement consisted of lifting up the breechblock tab or hook, pivoting the breechblock to the left and then inserting the round. The hook-type friction latch for the breechblock and its exposed firing pin extension were characteristics of the Model 1862.

This weapon is in used condition but exhibits a pleasing patinaed appearance with a walnut stock and all brass mounted furniture. Carbine bears serial #404 on top of the breechblock. The 22” round barrel is smooth with a dark brown color. Bore is rusty but still shows good rifling. Blade sight at muzzle is missing while the two-leaf, rear sight remains. The hinged breechblock is attached at barrel breech and is clearly stamped “B.F. JOSLYN’S PATENT / OCTOBER 8TH 1861 / JUNE 1862 / 404”. Inside of breechblock is fairly clean with some scatter rust. Cartridge extractor is frozen to breechblock and no longer moves freely. The firing pin is missing.

Casehardened lockplate is stamped “JOSLYN FIRE ARMS Co / STONINGTON / CONN” in front of the hammer. Mechanically strong with crisp action.

Walnut stock is in solid condition overall with nice original color and finish. Many small dings and dents overall from use. A single light cartouche is visible above the steel sling bar and ring on the left side of stock. Initials carved on both sides of shoulder stock. Brass buttplate, trigger guard, and barrel band all have matching mellow patina.

Joslyn carbine #404 is listed in Ordnance record books as being issued to a member in Company H, of the 19th New York Cavalry. Unfortunately, with the National Archives being closed during the Covid-19 pandemic, we cannot research which specific trooper this was issued to. The 19th NY cavalry was very active with the Army of the Potomac.

This is a nice example of one of these guns that was captured or collected by CS Ordnance teams or civilians and placed into the Confederate cleaning and repair (“C&R”) system for reissue to Confederate troops. Some 200,000 firearms, along with perhaps another 50,000 turned in by CS units, mostly in the eastern theatre, are estimated to have gone through the process at Danville, Staunton, Lynchburg, and Richmond. This rifle bears a CS final inspector’s stamp, “Z,” just forward of the triggerguard tang. The “Z” is believed to stand for Louis Zimmer who oversaw repair work at Richmond. In any case, the number and variety of guns bearing the mark point to someone working at the Richmond Arsenal/Artillery Workshop. See Steve Knott’s new “Captured & Collected” book for the complete Confederate “captured, repaired, and reissued” weapons story.  [jet]

DISCLAIMER: All firearms are sold as collector's items only - we do not accept responsibility as to the shooting safety or reliability of any antique firearm. All firearms are described as accurately as possible, given the restraints of a catalog listing length. We want satisfied customers & often "under" describe the weapons. Any city or state regulations regarding owning antique firearms are the responsibility of the purchaser. All firearms are "mechanically perfect" unless noted, but again, are NOT warranted as safe to fire.

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