EARLY THREE-QUARTER STANDING CDV OF MAJOR GENERAL SAMUEL P. HEINTZELMAN BY BRADY

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Item Code: 259-47

Straight on view of Heintzelman standing between a draped column and a chair. He wears the uniform of a Colonel consisting of a dark double-breasted frock coat open at the collar to reveal a white shirt and dark bowtie. He also wears matching dark trousers.

Image is clear and bright with good contrast. Mount edges have very light surface dirt from age. Bottom of mount is marked in the corners “BRADY” and “WASHINGTON.”

Reverse is blank except for modern pencil ID.

Samuel Peter Heintzelman was born in Manheim, Pennsylvania on September 30, 1805. He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1826 and was commissioned a brevet 2nd Lieutenant in the 3rd U.S. Infantry on July 1st of that year. At some point he was transferred to the 2nd U.S. Infantry and served on the Northern frontier at Fort Gratiot, Fort Mackinac, and Fort Brady.

On March 4, 1833, he was promoted to 1st Lieutenant and served as a Quartermaster in Florida during the Second Seminole War. On July 7, 1838, Heintzelman was appointed a Captain in the Quartermaster's Department but he remained in Florida until the close of the war in 1842. In 1847, during the Mexican War, he joined General Winfield Scott's army and took part in several engagements for which he was appointed brevet Major on October 9, 1847. In 1848-49 he went to California, and for several years served in there and in the Arizona Territory.

In December 1851, Major Heintzelman led the Yuma Expedition from the post of San Diego to put down an uprising, called the Yuma War. His expedition established Fort Yuma and peace was made in October, 1852. He received the brevet rank of Lieutenant Colonel for his conduct in the campaign against the Yuma Indians and on March 3, 1855, he was promoted to Major of the 1st U.S. Infantry and served with that regiment on the Texas frontier. In 1859, during the First Cortina War in Texas, he was largely responsible for the defeat of Juan Cortina's forces.

At the outbreak of the Civil War, Heintzelman became the Colonel of the 17th Pennsylvania Infantry, and was soon promoted to command of a division in the Army of Northeastern Virginia. He was wounded at the July 1861 battle of Bull Run, but soon recovered and resumed his duties.

He commanded the 3rd Corps of the Army of the Potomac in the Peninsula Campaign. His corps played a prominent role in the siege of Yorktown. The 3rd Corps bore the brunt of the fighting at Williamsburg and saw significant action at Fair Oaks and Oak Grove. It was temporarily attached to the Army of Virginia and took part in the Second Battle of Bull Run. Heintzelman was commissioned as a brevet Brigadier General in the regular army for the battle of Fair Oaks and a Major General of Volunteers for the battle of Williamsburg. His popularity and confidence in the army were eclipsed by the aggressive nature of his subordinate division commanders Joseph Hooker and Philip Kearny. Relieved of duty with the Army of the Potomac in late 1862, Heintzelman was assigned to the defense of Washington, D.C. in command of the Department of Washington. For the remainder of the war he commanded the Northern Department.

Heintzelman retired from the Army in 1869 as a Major General in the Regulars. He died in Washington, D.C., and is buried in Forest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo, New York.    [ad]

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