BRITISH ARMY AND NAVY CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETY LIMITED MARKED SQUARE/TRANSIT TOOL

$395.00

Quantity Available: 1

Item Code: 30-2115

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This engineer’s square or transit is stamped on one leg, “Army & Navy C.S.L.” The Army and Navy Cooperative Society Limited was founded in 1871 as a non-profit cooperative to provide goods to, “officers, non-commissioned officers and petty officers, serving, or who had served, in the army, navy, militia or yeomanry; the widows of officers, the secretaries or other recognized officers of the military and naval clubs and representatives of regimental and naval messes and canteens.” The operation quickly expanded to become in a large department store, with a catalogue and branches or depots as far flung as Bombay, Karachi, and Calcutta. Among other things, they provided uniforms, equipment, field gear and even campaign furniture to army and navy officers.

This brass-mounted wood square folds to a six-inch length. Unfolded it provides a 12-inch ruler, a sighting leg with folding apertures, angles marked on the central pivot plate, and tables calculating inches of rise per yard with degrees of elevation imprinted in the wood. There is also a compass embedded in the side of one leg.

Surveying and mapmaking were an essential part of military science. In the U.S. it was the engineers who took the cream of the crop from West Point in the 19th century. Surveying skills were necessary not only in laying out fortifications and buildings, but were necessary in expanding an empire: mapping exploratory expeditions, making accurate maps for military campaigns, and of course building forts and deploying artillery once you got there.

A nice example of a British officer’s campaign equipment.  [jet]

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