FULL STANDING CDV OF GENERAL SAMUEL STURGIS – 7TH CAVALRY FAME

$195.00 SOLD

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Item Code: 259-85

Image shows the General standing in the classic Napoleonic pose with his right hand tucked in his coat. Sturgis is dressed in a dark double-breasted frock coat with matching dark trousers. The coat has black felt collar and cuffs with brigadier general’s shoulder straps while the trousers have the thin, light colored officer’s leg stripe. The Generals left arm is by his side and in his hand he holds gloves and a forage cap with crossed sabers on the front.

Image is clear with good contrast but does look a bit grainy. Overall the image appears clean.

Reverse has E. ANTHONY back mark with “GENL. STURGIS” in pencil at the top.

Samuel Davis Sturgis was born June 11, 1822 in Shippensburg, Pennsylvania. He began his military career after graduating from West Point in 1842.  He served during the Mexican War with the dragoons. Sturgis was captured while performing reconnaissance near Buena Vista and held for eight days.  After the war, he served in various outposts in the West, served in several Indian campaigns, and was eventually promoted to captain.

At the outbreak of the Civil War, Sturgis was in command of the 1st Cavalry in Fort Smith, Arkansas.  Although many under his command left the army in order to join Confederate ranks, he was able to escape with most of his men and their equipment to Fort Leavenworth.  He was promoted to major for his actions, and saw action at Wilson’s Creek.  During the battle, he succeeded to command the Federal forces after the death of Nathaniel Lyon.  In March of 1862, he was promoted to brigadier general.  After his promotion, Sturgis served within the defenses of Washington DC, and was ordered to support the army commanded by general John Pope shortly before the Second Battle of Manassas.  Sturgis was then placed in charge of a division of the IX Corps, and led the division through the battles of South Mountain, Antietam, and Fredericksburg.  He and the IX Corps were then sent west, where he served briefly in commands in Mississippi and Tennessee.  In June of 1864, Sturgis effectively ended his career after he was defeated by Confederate general Nathan Bedford Forrest at the battle of Brice’s Cross Roads.  He was brevetted to major general in March of 1865.

Sturgis was breveted brigadier general and major general in the regular army in March 1865 and mustered out of the volunteer service in August. He reverted to his regular rank of lieutenant colonel of the 6th U.S. Cavalry. On May 6, 1869, he became colonel and commander of the 7th U.S. Cavalry and his lieutenant colonel was George Armstrong Custer.

Sturgis was on detached duty at St. Louis, Missouri when parts of the 7th Cavalry were destroyed at the Battle of Little Big Horn. (One of Sturgis's sons, Second Lieutenant James G. Sturgis, was also an officer with the 7th and was killed in that battle.) Samuel Sturgis then took personal command of the regiment and led the 7th Cavalry in the campaign against the Nez Percé in 1877. Sturgis soon caught up with the Nez Percé but at Canyon Creek, the Indians, although outnumbered two to one, again escaped from his grasp.

Sturgis retired in 1886 and died at Saint Paul, Minnesota. He is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.  [ad]

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