BUST VIEW CDV OF GETTYSBURG 12TH CORPS COMMANDER GENERAL HENRY W. SLOCUM

$150.00

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Item Code: 259-43

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Image shows Slocum in three-quarter right profile in the uniform of a brigadier general.

Contrast and clarity are excellent. Paper and mount are mostly clean. Top edge of mount has slight curl.

Reverse has a photographer’s imprint for R. W. ADDIS… WASHINGTON, D. C.

Henry Warner Slocum was born in Delphi, New York on September 24, 1827. He graduated from West Point 7th in his class in 1852. He stayed in the Army for several years, serving in the Seminole War in Florida and then saw duty at Fort Moultrie, SC until he resigned his commission in October 1856.  Returning home to New York State, he then became an attorney in Syracuse while remaining a Colonel in the New York Militia.

At the outbreak of the Civil War Slocum became Colonel of the 27th New York Infantry. He was wounded at the first battle of Bull Run where his regiment suffered 130 casualties. Soon after, in August 1861, Slocum was promoted to Brigadier General in command of a brigade. In October 1862 he was made Commander of the 12th Army Corps after its commander Joseph Mansfield was killed at the battle of Antietam. Slocum was involved at the battles of Chancellorsville and later Gettysburg. After Gettysburg Slocum was transferred to the Western Theater.

When General James McPherson was killed in Atlanta, General Sherman selected Slocum to command the newly formed 20th Army Corps made from remnants of his old 12th Corps and the 11th Corps. When Atlanta fell in September 1864 Slocum's corps was the first to enter the city. The Army of Georgia was formed by combining Slocum's 20th Corps and the 14th Corps and was the left wing of Sherman's Army on his "March to the Sea”.

During the Carolinas Campaign, Slocum's army was heavily engaged at the Battle of Averasborough and the Battle of Bentonville, where Slocum successfully held off a surprise assault by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. After the Confederate surrender, Slocum commanded the Department of the Mississippi. He resigned from the Army on September 28, 1865.

Slocum ran as the Democratic candidate for Secretary of State of New York in 1865, but was defeated by fellow Gettysburg General Francis C. Barlow and afterward resumed work as a lawyer.

Slocum was elected as a Democrat to the 41st and 42nd Congresses but he was not a candidate for re-election in 1872. He returned to Syracuse  and resumed the practice of law.

He was appointed president of the department of city works of Brooklyn, New York in 1876 and was involved in many civic improvements. He was again elected in 1882 as a representative-at-large to the 48th Congress and was president of the Board of Trustees of the New York State Soldiers' and Sailors' Home in Bath and a member of the Board of The Gettysburg Monuments Commissioners.

Henry Slocum died in Brooklyn, New York, and is interred there at Green-Wood Cemetery. [ad]

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