CDV OF MAJOR GENERAL JOSEPH HOOKER

$175.00

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Item Code: 523-98

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Image shows Hooker in the uniform of a major general. He is seated and posed with his hands in his lap.

Image is clear and bright. Bottom of mount has copy write information with 1862 date.

Reverse has photographers imprint for E. & H. T. ANTHONY FROM BRADY NEGATIVE. Top of reverse has a pencil inscription of “HOOKER.”

Joseph Hooker was born November 13, 1814 in Hadley, Massachusetts. He graduated from West Point in 1837. His initial assignment was in Florida fighting in the second Seminole War. He served in the Mexican War in staff positions in the campaigns of both Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott. He received brevet promotions for his staff leadership and gallantry in three battles: Monterrey (to captain), National Bridge (major), and Chapultepec (lieutenant colonel). After the Mexican War, Hooker served as assistant adjutant general of the Pacific Division.

Hooker was appointed in 1861 as a brigadier general of the Union Army and began the war commanding a division of the Army of the Potomac around Washington DC under Major General George McClellan.

In 1862 Hooker commanded the 2nd Division of the III Corps in the Peninsula Campaign. During this time Hooker earned the reputation of an aggressive leader who cared for the welfare of his men.  Hooker led the First Corps at Antietam under McClellan where he was injured in the foot. Following a loss at Fredericksburg under Burnside, and a series of poor decisions, Lincoln removed Burnside, promoting Hooker to the commander of the Army of the Potomac in early 1863.

As commander of the Army of the Potomac, Hooker improved conditions for the soldiers.  However, with a loss to the Confederates at Chancellorsville, Virginia and disagreements with his superiors in Washington led to Hooker’s resignation as the commander of the Army of the Potomac.

In the summer of 1863 Hooker was transferred with the XI and XII Corps to the Western Theater with the Army of the Cumberland. He enjoyed success at the Battles of Chattanooga and Lookout Mountain.  He was also successful in the 1864 Atlanta Campaign under the command of General William Tecumseh Sherman. From October 1864 until the war’s conclusion Hooker commanded the Northern Department from headquarters in Cincinnati, Ohio.

After the war, Hooker led President Abraham Lincoln's Springfield funeral procession on May 4, 1865. He served in command of the Department of the East and Department of the Lakes following the war. His postbellum life was marred by poor health and he was partially paralyzed by a stroke. He was mustered out of the volunteer service on September 1, 1866, and retired from the U.S. Army on October 15, 1868, with the regular army rank of major general. He died on October 31, 1879 while on a visit to Garden City, New York, and is buried in Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio.    [AD]

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