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Item Code: 172-2399

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Top bar is inscribed “BOSTON 1904.” Has pin on back. Ribbon is half sky-blue and half gold with some light surface wear. Dark lettering reads “POST 63. PHILA.” Standard GAR star at bottom with profile of General Birney at center. Reverse reads “GEN. D.B. BIRNEY, DEPT. of PA., POST 63 GAR.”

David B. Birney was born in 1825 in Huntsville, Alabama to an abolitionist father from Kentucky. The family returned there in 1833. The family eventually moved to Philadelphia. After attending school in Massachusetts Birney returned to Philadelphia and was admitted to the bar. He was practicing law in Philadelphia when the Civil War began. 

He was Lt.Col. of the 23rd Pa in 1861. He later became Colonel of the regiment and was promoted to Brigadier General in Feb. of 1862. He led a Brigade under Phil Kearny during the Peninsula Campaign. He was court-martialed for disobedience of orders at Seven Pines but was cleared. He served at Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, where he rose to Division command, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. He commanded a Division in the 2nd Corps during the Overland Campaign and saw action at The Wilderness, Spotsylvania, where he was wounded by a shell fragment, Cold Harbor and Petersburg. On July 23, 1864 Gen. Grant gave Birney command of the 10th Corps, Army of the James. However, Birney became ill with malaria, returned to Philadelphia and died there on October 18, 1864.

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