CDV OF C.S. GENERAL WILLIAM NELSON PENDLETON

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Item Code: 1138-431

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Waist-up, seated view of Pendleton. He wears a double-breasted frock with rank insignia visible on sleeves. Contrast and clarity are very good. Period ink identification on lower edge of mount, “Rev. Gen. W.N. Pendleton / Jackson’s Chief of Arty – C.S.A.” Photographer’s backmark, Tanner & Vanness, Lynchburg, VA. Modern pencil notations on reverse.

William Nelson Pendleton (December 26, 1809 – January 15, 1883) was an American teacher, Episcopal priest, and soldier. He served as a Confederate general during the American Civil War, noted for his position as chief of artillery for Jackson and R.E. Lee. After the war, Pendleton returned to his priestly duties and also wrote religious materials. Camp Pendleton in Virginia Beach, Virginia, is named in his honor.

When the American Civil War commenced in 1861, Pendleton chose to follow the Confederate cause. On March 16 he entered the Regular Confederate Artillery with the rank of captain, and on May 1 he was elected captain in the Virginia Artillery. He commanded a four-gun battery called the Rockbridge Artillery, initially armed with training guns from the Virginia Military Institute. He named his guns "Matthew, Mark, Luke, & John" after the Gospel writers. During the First Battle of Bull Run he was wounded in this fight, injured in an ear and his back.

Pendleton served with the Army of Northern Virginia for the rest of the conflict, taking part in the 1863 and 1864 major campaigns of the Eastern Theater. During the final two years of the war, Pendleton's role was mostly administrative, and his active command was only of the reserve ordnance. Throughout the war, he continued in his religious practices, always preaching to his men. Pendleton surrendered with Lee's army at Appomattox Court House.

Pendleton remained in Lexington until his death in 1883, and is buried next to his son at Oak Grove Cemetery.   [jet]  [ph:L]

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