WARTIME LITHOGRAPH OF MAJOR GENERAL JOHN POPE

$35.00

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Item Code: 855-69

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CDV lithograph shows Pope in the uniform of a Brigadier General posed with one hand thrust in his coat a-la-Napoleon. Image is clear and clean. Bottom front of mount has faint incorrect period pencil inscription that reads “GEN. WINTHROP.”

Reverse has period pencil inscription that reads only “GEN.” Otherwise reverse is blank.

John Pope was born in Louisville, Kentucky on March 16, 1822. Pope was a graduate of the United States Military Academy in 1842. He served in the Mexican War and had numerous assignments as a topographical engineer and surveyor in Florida, New Mexico, and Minnesota. He was an early appointee as a Union brigadier general of volunteers and served initially under Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont, with whom he had a stormy relationship. He achieved initial success against Brig. Gen. Sterling Price in Missouri and then led a successful campaign that captured Island No. 10 on the Mississippi River.

Pope's success in the West inspired the Lincoln administration to bring him to the troubled Eastern Theater to lead the newly formed Army of Virginia. He initially alienated many of his officers and men by publicly denigrating their record in comparison to his Western command. He launched an offensive against the Confederate army of General Robert E. Lee, in which he fell prey to a strategic turning movement into his rear areas by Maj. Gen. Stonewall Jackson. At Second Bull Run, he concentrated his attention on attacking Jackson while the other Confederate corps, under Maj. Gen. James Longstreet, executed a devastating assault into his flank, routing his army.

Following Manassas, Pope was banished to the Department of the Northwest far from the Eastern Theater in Minnesota, where he commanded U.S. Forces in the Dakota War of 1862. He was appointed to command the Department of the Missouri in 1865 and was a prominent and activist commander during Reconstruction in Atlanta. For the rest of his military career, he fought in the Indian Wars, particularly against the Apache and Sioux.

He died at Ohio Soldier’s Home near Sandusky on September 23, 1892.    [ad]

 

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