BOOK FROM THE LIBRARY OF WORLD WAR TWO 1ST INFANTRY DIVISION COMMANDER GENERAL CLARENCE R. HUEBNER - 1928 COPY OF “ARMY RETIREMENTS BASED ON THE ARMY REGISTER 1923”

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This book comes from the library of Lieutenant General Clarence Ralph Huebner and bears his name  as “C R HUEBNER” & "HUEBNER".

A farm boy from Bushton, Kansas, who spent almost seven years serving from private to sergeant in the 18th Infantry Regiment, Huebner received a regular commission to lieutenant in November 1916.

During World War I he served in France with the 28th Infantry, which was part of the 1st Infantry Division, later known as "The Big Red One." The division was the first of the American Expeditionary Force to be sent overseas during the war. The following year Huebner participated in the first American assault at Cantigny and through actions at Soissons, Saint-Mihiel, and the Meuse-Argonne. For his service in the war, he received two Distinguished Service Crosses, a Distinguished Service Medal, and a Silver Star. Huebner commanded the 2nd Battalion, 28th Infantry at Cantigny after his commanding officer was killed, and later commanded the regiment, one of the youngest regimental commanders in the AEF.

Remaining in the army after the war, he attended the U.S. Army Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth in 1924 and served on its faculty from 1929 to 1933.

In 1943, General Huebner relieved the popular commander of the 1st Infantry Division, General Terry Allen, in a move engineered by General Omar N. Bradley. While the 1st Division had enjoyed considerable combat success under Allen's leadership, the Division lacked discipline when not in combat and complaints of the Divisions conduct in the rear areas annoyed Bradly enough that he replaced Allen.

Upon assuming command, General Huebner immediately ordered a series of close-order drills, parades, and weapons instruction for the Division including its veterans, who had just finished a bloody series of engagements with German forces in Sicily. This did not endear him to the enlisted men of the division, who made no attempt to hide their preference for General Allen. As one of the men of the Big Red One said in disgust, "Hell's bells! We've been killing Germans for months and now they are teaching us to shoot a rifle? It doesn't make any sense."

Supported by Bradley and Eisenhower, Huebner persisted, and the morale of the division gradually recovered. As the commander of the "Big Red One" in World War II, Huebner led the 1st in the assault on Omaha Beach, followed by a successful infantry attack at Saint-Lô. The 1st would later repel a German counteroffensive at Mortain, and pursue the German Army across France, culminating in the Battles of Aachen and the Huertgen Forest.

In January 1945 Huebner took command of the V Corps, which he directed from the Rhine to the Elbe, where his troops made first contact with the Red Army. He commanded V Corps until November 11, 1945.

After World War II, Huebner served as Assistant Army Chief of Staff (G-3) at the Pentagon from late 1945 until 1946 when he became Chief of Staff for the United States European Command (EUCOM). He was promoted to lieutenant general on March 28, 1947 and also served as Deputy Commander in Chief of EUCOM from 1947 to 1950. He was the last Military Governor (acting) of the American Zone in Germany from May 15, 1949 to September 1, 1949.

General Huebner retired from the Army on November 30, 1950.

On September 1, 1951, Huebner became director of New York State's Civil Defense Commission, a post he held until January 1961. A strong advocate of the building of fallout shelters, General Huebner believed the US population would eventually be forced to live full-time in underground shelters and "would see the sunshine only by taking a calculated risk".

Huebner married Florence Barrett in 1921. Following her death in 1966, Huebner married Anna Imelda Mathews in 1968. She died in 1974. All three are buried together in Arlington National Cemetery.

1928 COPY OF “ARMY RETIREMENTS BASED ON THE ARMY REGISTER 1923”

Book signed four times, inside the front cover and on the Introduction page with “C R HUEBNER” and inside the back cover and on one of the last pages with “HUEBNER.”

The volume meas. approx. 6.00 x 9.25 and runs 197 pages.

No dustjacket. Interior signature is split but holding. Pages have numerous tick marks and notations in the General’s hand.  [ad]

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