UNION SOLDIER LETTER W/COVER - SAM STRIEBY, 39th PENNSYLVANIA (10TH PA RESERVES)

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Item Code: 1054-2242

Cover address: “Miss Molle E. Strieby / Salem / Columbiana Ohio / Box 281”—Three cent stamp, postmarked “Washington /Oct. 23 /1861. Letter Salutation: Mary & Cal.” Dated “Fairfax C. Va. Oct 21st 1861.” 4 pp. in ink on lined paper, 5” x 8. Exhibits fold marks, else VG.

In this letter Sam Strieby recounts a regimental scout for rebels emanating out of Camp Pierrepont in Wayne County, VA. (Now WVA). Although no rebels were found, Streiby’s account includes a number interesting details, including the “capture” of the mother of James Jackson, the Alexandria hotel keeper, who shot Col. Ellsworth following his removal of a Confederate flag.

Text: “We left camp Pierrepont Saturday and came out here about 6 miles from camp we left our tents and…it is a pretty Frosty birth. We came here for the purpose of a cutting oof Gen. Lees retreat. Our whole forc3e is scattered here for miles, but we have not seen any rebels since came they have flunk out. The people here are all secesh. We have arrested several since….My mess is Jim Irvin, Curley Johnston, Wash Reid, made a mess of secesh turkey the first night we was here…

I went out a little ways from camp and had myself a supper consisted of old fashion Griddle cake, Barley coffee and fresh pork and fried tomatoes, so you can see we once an while get a good meal the woods a round here is full of chestnuts…

we did not see any rebels and we have had scouts every place around but they have cleared there distance. I past the house where Jackson mother (the man who killed Ellswort) lived. Our men took here prisoner for concealing rebel spies and carrying them information. There are lots of empty houses here and the furniture is in them yet.

We got orders a few minutes ago to get 2 days cooked rations ready so I can’t say what is up or what will be done so no more.”

Streiby was a resident of Beaver County, PA when he enlisted on 6/20/61 as a Private. On 6/20/1861 he mustered into "K" Co. PA 39th Infantry; he was discharged for disability on 12/12/1861.

The 10th Pennsylvania Reserves was organized at Camp Wilkins near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania beginning June 3, 1861 and mustered on July 21, 1861 under the command of Colonel John S. McCalmont.

The regiment was attached to 3rd Brigade, McCall's Pennsylvania Reserves Division, Army of the Potomac, to March 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, I Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April 1862. 3rd Brigade, McCall's Division, Department of the Rappahannock, to June 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, V Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, III Corps, Army of Virginia, to September 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, I Corps, Army of the Potomac, to February 1863. 3rd Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserves Division, XXII Corps, Department of Washington, to June 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, V Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June 1864.

The 10th Pennsylvania Reserves mustered out June 11, 1864.

Detailed service

Ordered to Harrisburg, Pa., July 18. Moved to Baltimore, Md., July 22; then to Washington, D.C., July 24. At Tennallytown, Md., August 1 to October 10, 1861, and at Camp Pierpont, near Langley, Va., until March 1862. Expedition to Gunnell's Mills December 6, 1861. Action at Dranesville December 20. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10–15, 1862. McDowell's advance on Falmouth April 9–19. Duty at Fredericksburg until June. Moved to White House June 9–12. Seven Days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Mechanicsville June 26, Gaines's Mill June 27, Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30, Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 16. Movement to join Pope August 16–26. Battle of Gainesville August 28. Battle of Groveton August 29. Second Battle of Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6–24. Battle of South Mountain, Md., September 14. Battle of Antietam September 16–17. Duty in Maryland until October 30. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12–15. "Mud March" January 20–24, 1863. Ordered to Washington, D.C., February 6, and duty there and at Alexandria until June 25. Ordered to join the Army of the Potomac in the field. Battle of Gettysburg, July 1–3. Pursuit of Lee July 5–24. Bristoe Campaign October 9–22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7–8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Bristoe Station April 15, 1864 (detachment). Rapidan Campaign May 4–31. Battle of the Wilderness May 5–7, Laurel Hill May 8, Spotsylvania May 8–12, and Spotsylvania Court House May 12–21. Assault on the Salient May 12. Harris Farm May 19. North Anna River May 23–26. Jericho Ford May 25. On line of the Totopotomoy May 28–31. Left the front May 31, 1864.

In protective sleeve.

[JP/L]  [ph:L]

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