THE LIBERATOR - BOSTON, FEBRUARY 18, 1859

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Item Code: 998-1783

Vol. XXXIX, No. 7. 4 pp., 17 x 24”, six columns. Exhibits fold-marks, w/ light chipping at margins, plus slight vertical stain at center of masthead.

The Liberator was the nation’s leading abolitionist newspaper, founded by William Lloyd Garrison in 1831. It ceased publication in 1865, following the end of the war and the passage of the 13th amendment abolishing slavery. This particular issue, published prior to the commencement of war, carries in its upper right corner the standard Liberator motto of the time: “No Union With Slaveholders/ The United States Constitution is a covenant with death and an agreement with hell.” It was published seven months before John Brown’s October raid on Harper’s Ferry.

The front upper left column—REFUGE OF OPPRESSION—blasts New York Senator Seward for distancing himself from the Anti-Slavery cause as he positioned himself for the 1860 presidential contest. As a senator who had trumpeted the “Irreconcilable Conflict” between the free north and slaveholding south, he was now getting cold feet.

Other front-page columns report on “Slave Hunting in Massachusetts” & “Slave-hunting in Ohio,” w/ mention of “Thirteen Negroes Captured in Kansas.” Also “The Kidnapping of Dr. Boy & Son.” These columns are a reflection on the Fugitive Slave Law enacted as part of 1850 Compromise, as a concession to southern slaveholders, which had become increasingly unpopular as the 1850s woe on. Also a column on noted abolitionist Wendell Phillips

The rear page reports the “Speech of Mrs. Caroline M. Severance Before the Massachusetts Slavery Society”, and (on a feminist note) a lengthy piece from the Atlantic Monthly titled “Ought Women to Learn the Alphabet? No. 2”

A solidly collectible pre-war Liberator. In protective sleeve, w/white card backing.    [jp] [ph:L]

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