1857 WEST POINT “EXTRACT FROM THE CLASS CONDUCT REPORTS…” FOR STEPHEN C. LYFORD, 1ST US DRAGOONS, 1ST US CAVALRY, 3RD US ARTILLERY; BREVET CAPTAIN , MAJOR & LT. COLONEL

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One page pre-printed for filled out in ink. One blue paper measuring 7 ¾” x 9 ¾”. Dated “ENGINEER DEPARTMENT, / Washington, October 17, 1857. Document is basically a report card of sorts “furnished for the information of Parents and Guardians” for the month of September 1857.

Lyford was one of 83 members of the West Point Class of 1861.  It is noted for each of his classes in Mathematics and English Studies “not settled[?]”. He had 12 demerits for the month a total of 20 for the year to date.

Signed by Horatio W. Wright.

On July 1, 1857, Lyford entered the United States Military Academy as a plebe. The New Hampshire native, by perseverance and ability, would be graduated ranked 11th in the Class of 1861 (June). Upon this occasion, he was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant and assigned to the First United States Dragoons with a later assignment to the 1st United States Cavalry at the rank of second lieutenant. His transfer to the 3rd United States Artillery occurred in the fall of 1861. During his years at West Point, he excelled in the study of the ordnance field, and on October 24, 1861 Lyford transferred to this branch of the United States Army. For his "gallant and meritorious service during the siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi", he received the honorary rank of brevet captain to rank from July 4, 1863. For his "gallant and meritorious service during the war", he was awarded a promotion of brevet lieutenant colonel on March 13, 1865. He remained in the military at the conclusion of the war in 1865, and would later return to West Point as an instructor in math. In addition, he instructed the cadets in Ordnance and Gunnery. As a career military officer, he was stationed in various arsenals throughout the country including Missouri and South Carolina. He was the commanding officer of the Frankford Arsenal in Pennsylvania at the time of his untimely death. A fellow officer remembered him as "a self-sacrificing, warmhearted friend...an officer of ripe experience, of marked administrative and executive ability, and of many strong traits of character." He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

Horatio Gouverneur Wright (March 6, 1820 – July 2, 1899) was an engineer and general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He began his military career after graduating 2nd from a class of 52 from the United States Military Academy in 1841.  He was commissioned into the Corps of Engineers, and taught briefly at West Point before being sent to Florida to work on infrastructure and fortification improvements. He took command of the VI Corps in May 1864 following the death of General John Sedgwick. In this capacity, he was responsible for building the fortifications around Washington DC, and in the Overland Campaign he commanded the first troops to break through the Confederate defenses at Petersburg. After the war, he was involved in a number of engineering projects, including the Brooklyn Bridge and the completion of the Washington Monument, and served as Chief of Engineers for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

Accompanied by biographical info for both Lyford and Wright.  [ld]

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