US M1816 BAYONET WITH US/EB INSPECTOR’S AND SECONDARY MARKING

$195.00

Quantity Available: 1

Item Code: 1052-78

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This 1816 pattern bayonet shows a “US / EB” blade mark at the base that Reilly lists among inspector’s marks, likely a set of initials. The “EB” is light but legible. Below that is a partially visible second stamp that appears to be an individual number or letter. The metal was carefully cleaned, with the socket showing bright and the blade a dull silver mixed with gray. The socket shows a narrow fracture line on the underside, forward of the mortise and circling the neck.

The model 1816 bayonet is a collecting category of its own. Nominally measuring 19 inches overall with a 3-inch socket and 16-inch blade generally with a blunt “slash” point (in Reilly’s words,) its production extended into the 1840s and its use extended well into the Civil War, with some replacements made even then. There were variations in the presence or absence of face flutes and the shape of the point up to about 1822, but the pattern is readily recognizable by the T-shaped bayonet lug mortise (which may have started about 1813) and integral bridge, that would keep the bayonet on the muzzle of the musket even if pulled forward when withdrawing the blade from a target or jarred by the recoil of discharge. They were generally finished in the bright, with some possible browned exceptions from 1822 to 1831, and a few tinned examples. Careful inspection resulted in high degree of uniformity, but there is a lot of variety in blade markings, where in addition to a “US,” the initials of an inspector, maker, or state may be found.  [SR] [ph:m]

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