CDV OF C.S. GENERAL JOHN PEGRAM

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Item Code: 1138-425

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Waist-up, standing view of Pegram. He wears a double-breasted uniform with rank insignia on the collar. Image is clear with good contrast. Pre-printed along lower edge of mount: “GEN. PEGRAM”. Photographer’s backmark, “The Monumental Photograph Company” in Baltimore.

John Pegram (January 24, 1832 – February 6, 1865) was a career soldier from Virginia who served as an officer in the United States Army and then as a brigadier general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. He became the first former U.S. Army officer to be captured in Confederate service in 1861 and was killed in action near the end of the war.

On July 11, 1861, cut off from his main body during the Battle of Rich Mountain, Pegram controversially surrendered his entire regiment to the Federals. Thus, John Pegram became the first former U.S. Army officer to be captured while in Confederate service. His men were paroled, but Pegram was imprisoned for six months in Fort Warren in Boston harbor. In January 1862, Pegram was paroled in Baltimore, Maryland, and allowed to travel to Richmond while awaiting a formal exchange for a captive Union officer. When finally exchanged, Pegram was promoted to colonel and became the Chief Engineer of the army of General Pierre G. T. Beauregard and then to Braxton Bragg. Within a short time, he was assigned as Chief of Staff for Maj. Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith and served in the Kentucky Campaign.

Pegram was promoted to brigadier general in November 1862 and given command of a cavalry brigade. His performance before the Battle of Stones River in December was criticized by his superiors for failing to provide proper intelligence on enemy movements.

Pegram was given command of a veteran Virginia infantry brigade in the division of Jubal A. Early and was wounded at the Battle of the Wilderness. Returning to field duty that fall, he served with distinction during Early's independent Valley Campaign as a division commander. Following the disastrous Battle of Cedar Creek, Early's survivors, including Pegram, returned to the Army of Northern Virginia in the Petersburg trenches. Pegram was killed in action during the Battle of Hatcher's Run. His funeral was held in the same church where he had recently been married and buried in Richmond's Hollywood Cemetery.    [jet] [ph:L]

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