CDV OF CONFEDERATE GENERAL JOHN B. FLOYD IN CIVILIAN CLOTHES

$375.00

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Item Code: 1138-140

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Floyd is viewed from the waist up in a dark civilian suit, white shirt with high collar and a dark bowtie.

Clarity and contrast are good. Front bottom of the mount has a faint period pencil inscription “FLOYD-SENATOR CONFEDERACY” Image was probably made when Floyd was serving as Secretary of War under President Buchanan with the penciled notation being made afterward.

Reverse has a photographer’s imprint for ALLEN & BURTON… BOSTON. There is also some collector information in pencil.

From the collection of the late William Turner.

John Buchanan Floyd was born in Montgomery County, Virginia, on June 1, 1806. He studied at South Carolina College, and became a lawyer and a planter. In 1847, he was elected to the House of Delegates, then became governor of Virginia in 1848. Appointed Secretary of War under President James Buchanan in 1857 he saw to it that arms were shipped to southern arsenals in preparation for the coming conflict. He was once referred to as “The greatest scoundrel to go unhung.” Floyd resigned in 1860 in reaction to the President's policy at Charleston Harbor and the Fort Sumter crisis.

After returning to western Virginia to recruit mountaineers, he was appointed a Confederate Brigadier on May 23, 1861. He took part in small battles at Cross Lanes, Carnifex Ferry and Gauley Bridge. In December of 1861, his brigade was sent to join Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston's army in Tennessee. Floyd's brigade took part in the defense of Fort Donelson in February of 1862. In the face of a surrender to Union troops, he was able to take a steamboat and save most of his brigade, allowing Brig. Gen. Buckner to surrender the main army. Retreating to Nashville, he left after trying to save supplies there.

On March 11, 1862, he was removed from his position for deserting his command. Despite his dishonor, he took an active part in the war effort in southwestern Virginia, and was commissioned a Major General in the militia. He raised a band of "partisans," which attacked Union troops and antagonized Confederates by interfering with their recruitment of Regulars. Floyd's health deteriorated, and he died near Abingdon, Virginia, on August 26, 1863. [ad] [ph:L]

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