CDV OF SOUTH CAROLINA GOVERNOR WILLIAM AIKEN

$175.00

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Item Code: 1138-1595

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This image is a seated studio view of Aiken. Image is clear with very good contrast. The mount remains in good condition with photographer's imprint along the bottom edge. Photographer's backmark, Brady's Gallery, Washington, DC & New York. Two-cent revenue stamp is on the back. A few light silver fish tracks on the back.

William Aiken Jr. (January 28, 1806 – September 6, 1887) was the 61st governor of South Carolina, serving from 1844 to 1846. He also served in the state legislature and the United States House of Representatives, running unsuccessfully for speaker of the House in 1856 in "the longest and most contentious Speaker election in House history."

Aiken was one of the state's wealthiest citizens, owner of the largest rice plantation in the state—Jehossee Island—with over 700 enslaved Blacks on 1,500 acres under cultivation, almost twice the acreage of the next largest plantation. By 1860, Aiken owned the entire Jehossee Island, and the plantation produced 1.5 million pounds of rice in addition to sweet potatoes and corn—in the middle of the 19th century, rice was king in South Carolina—of the ten largest cash crops in 1850, seven were rice, two cotton and one sugar. After the Civil War, the plantation regained its preeminence, producing 1.2 million pounds of rice.

Aiken died at Flat Rock, NC, September 6, 1887, and was interred in Magnolia Cemetery at Charleston, South Carolina.

This image was from the collection of the late William A. Turner.  [jet] [PH:L]

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