CDV OF CONFEDERATE GENERAL JOHN C. PEMBERTON

$300.00

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Item Code: 1139-247

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Carte de visite photograph of Pemberton in uniform. Chest up view wearing double-breasted frock with all else cover by his long beard. Image is clear with very good contrast. Mount remains clean and in good condition. Pencil identifications on front and back. Photographer's backmark, E. & H.T. Anthony, New York.

John Clifford Pemberton (August 10, 1814 – July 13, 1881) was a career United States Army officer who fought in the Seminole Wars and with distinction during the Mexican–American War.

Born and raised in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, he fought whole-heartedly for the Southern Cause. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1837, placing 27th out of 50. Posted as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 2nd United States Artillery, he fought in the Seminole Wars in Florida and in the Mexican War, where his service in Mexico saw him received brevets of Captain and Major, US Regular Army. Promoted to Captain in 1850, he was part of the 1858 operations in Utah against the Mormons led by Albert Sidney Johnston.

When the Civil War began, he opted to join the South. First commissioned a Lieutenant Colonel in the Confederate Army in April 1861, he was subsequently promoted to Brigadier General. He was promoted to Major General in January 1862, and to Lieutenant General in October 1862. Assigned to the defenses of Vicksburg, it soon became the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi. His command held out against a Union Siege directed by Major General Ulysses S. Grant until July 4, 1863. General Pemberton surrendered Vicksburg, a move that gave the Union complete control of the Mississippi River and hastened the end of the Confederacy. He was vilified for his surrender, and was accused of disloyalty due to his Northern roots. After his exchange he resigned his Lieutenant General commission, and was appointed as a Lieutenant Colonel of Artillery on the urging of Confederate President Jefferson Davis. He served faithfully in this reduced capacity until the end of the war.

After the war, he lived for a time in Virginia, but eventually returned to the state of his birth, where he died. He was buried at Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia.  [jet] [ph:L]

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