NOVEMBER 1864 RECEIPT OF CLOTHING AND GARRISON EQUIPMENT - CAPTAIN JOHN M. DEANE, 29TH MASS. INFANTRY

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Item Code: 1041-438

Dated "Poplar Grove Church, 14 November 1864." 2 pp. on line paper, 9.75" x 8. Exhibits fold-marks, else Fine.

This document lists accoutrements received by Captain Deane. In protective  sleeve.

A 29-year old teacher when the war broke out, Deane had served in the 3rd Mass Militia before the war, making sergeant in August 1860 and lieutenant in Co. G by February 1861. He is listed in the wartime rolls of the 3rd as “Ensign,” an alternative designation for 2nd Lieutenant and was one of the “Massachusetts Minutemen of 1861,” enrolling for active service in the 3rd Mass Volunteer Militia on April 16, 1861, and sailing to Fortress Monroe, where they were officially mustered into U.S. service for three months’ duty on April 23 in answer to Lincoln’s call for 75,000 troops for three month’s duty. During that time they took part in evacuating and burning the Gosport Navy Yard and garrisoning Fortress Monroe. Deane mustered out of the 3rd MVM 22 July 1861 and in June 1862 was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant in the 29th Massachusetts, making 1st Lt. 12/29/62; Adjutant 11/1/63; Captain 6/8/64, and Major 5/15/65 with a later brevet to Major of U.S. Vols to date 3/25/65, mustering out 8/8/1865.

The 29th Mass. served in the Irish Brigade in the Peninsula Campaign and at Antietam, fighting at the Sunken Road. Transferred to the 9th Corps, they served in Mississippi and Tennessee in 1863, returned east and were briefly in the 5th Corps before rejoining the 9th again for Grant’s overland and Petersburg campaigns. Seeing action at Bethesda Church, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Weldon Railroad, and Fort Stedman, Lee’s last attempt to break the siege of Petersburg, where Deane was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for helping to man an abandoned artillery piece under heavy fire and aiding in the repulse of the Confederate attack. The regiment lost 4 officers and 53 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded during their service. Deane penned several of the regiment’s official reports for 1864 and 1865, and his letters have been published. He was credited with participation in twenty battles. In later years he lived in Freetown, Mass., where he was a member of Richard Borden G.A.R. Post #46, and died 9/2/1914.  [JP/sr] [ph:L]

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