REGIMENTALLY MARKED 1861-DATED P1853 ENFIELD 110th NEW YORK: PORT HUDSON

$2,950.00

Quantity Available: 1

Item Code: 1140-59

This is a very good condition P1853 Enfield rifle musket, imported in the hundreds of thousands by both sides in the Civil War, but a scarce one bearing original markings indicating issue to the 110th New York, listed by Todd as armed with these weapons from 1862 to 1864. The barrel and bands show full coverage of original blue now turned brown. Both sights are place. The front sight blade shows some wear. The rear long-range sight is complete and shows thin blue. The barrel is smooth metal back to the breech, but the breechplug tang shows pitting from the corrosive effects of percussion caps, but the provisional and final barrel view and proof “25-25” marks on the left breech are sharp. The side of the bolster shows some light corrosion, but the hammer and lock plate are very good, smooth metal showing good engraved detail and border lines, and the lockplate markings are sharp: the crown behind the hammer and “1861 / TOWER” forward. The hammer shows a deep charcoal brown. The lockplate more of a gray with scattered bluish gray spots and few brown ones at rear. All bands, swivels and rod are in place. The bands match the barrel. The rod is a steel gray with darker stains. The brass mounts are good, with mellow, untouched patina to the nosecap and lockscrew washers, and naturally a tad lighter on the buttplate and triggerguard from handling. The wood has a tight fit to the metal with nice surface, color and edges. The edges of ramrod channel are good.  The ramrod itself is a reproduction. There are some small scattered handling dings overall, with the butt showing lighter from handling, the only noticeable scratches or dings being along the top of the comb toward the buttplate tang, two short ones on the counterpane, and a short, diagonal scratch or narrow gouge at the left breech next to the breechplug tang. Bore has good rifling, clear barrel with scattered light pitting. Mechanics are strong and crisp.

The triggerguard tang is clearly stamped, “65. G. 110. N.Y.V.” indicating not only the regiment, but the soldier’s “rack number” and company letter. The markings are “dead real” and we have seen a few other Enfields from this regiment so marked. The 110th NY was organized in the County of Oswego, NY, in the summer of 1862 and mustered into US service for three years on Aug. 25, 1862. Company G was recruited principally in the towns of Oswego, Scriba, Amboy and West Monroe. The regiment was formed at a point when McClellan’s Peninsula Campaign had finally sputtered out and Confederate forces were again on the move in Virginia, leading up to the Second Bull Run Campaign, with consequent concern in the north. The regiment left the state in late August, served first at Baltimore and then shipped out to Louisiana in December, becoming part of the Department of the Gulf in January 1863, and the 19th Army Corps in February 1863. They lost 55 officers and men in action, including 16 who were killed or mortally wounded. Most of their losses were suffered in Banks’s 1863 campaign against Port Hudson, first serving under fire at Fort Bisland, and taking its first casualties are Franklin on May 25, followed by losses in siege of Port Hudson itself May 27 to July 8, particularly in the second assault on June 14. In November they lost another 6 killed or wounded at Vermilion Bayou in Louisiana, before departing for Florida in February 1864 where they were posted to Fort Jefferson until their muster out in August 1865.

U.S. regulations specified the marking of issue equipment, but in the press of clothing, equipping and arming hundreds of thousands of new soldiers and getting them into the field as fast as possible these instructions were usually ignored. This was one of the few regiments to mark its longarms and regimentally marked guns as a class are scarce. [SR] [ph:L]

DISCLAIMER: All firearms are sold as collector's items only - we do not accept responsibility as to the shooting safety or reliability of any antique firearm. All firearms are described as accurately as possible, given the restraints of a catalog listing length. We want satisfied customers & often "under" describe the weapons. Any city or state regulations regarding owning antique firearms are the responsibility of the purchaser. All firearms are "mechanically perfect" unless noted, but again, are NOT warranted as safe to fire!

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