STANDING VIEW OF THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC’S PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL MARSENA PATRICK

$150.00 ON HOLD

Quantity Available: 1

Item Code: 160-399

CDV is of Patrick standing in the classic Napoleonic pose with one hand thrust into his coat.

He wears a dark double-breasted frock coat with black felt collar and cuffs, matching trousers, and white gauntlets. He rests his right hand on the hilt of his sword while at the same time holding on to the gauntlet he removed from the hand stuck in his coat. At his waist is a decorative sword belt with tooled lines and large applied or painted flowers or star bursts. On the belt is a large square militia style plate bearing a spread-winged eagle.

Contrast and clarity are excellent. Paper and mount are also very good.

Reverse has a photographer’s imprint for E. & H. T. ANTHONY FROM A BRADY NEGATIVE. There is also some collector information in pencil.

Marsena Rudolph Patrick was born March 15, 1811 in New York. He graduated from West Point in 1835 and was assigned as a 2nd Lieutenant to the infantry. He was promoted to 1st Lieutenant in 1839 and served in the Seminole War. Patrick also served in the Mexican War and ended up with a brevet promotion to Major but he resigned from the Army in 1850 and returned to New York where he worked in the railroad business and as President of the New York State Agricultural College.

When the Civil War began Patrick was appointed Inspector General of the New York State Militia. In March 1862, Patrick was appointed as a Brigadier General of Volunteers. His brigade was assigned to the division of Brigadier General Rufus King in McDowell’s army and sent to the Shenandoah Valley in northern Virginia. Patrick was subsequently appointed military governor of Fredericksburg in April 1862. Transferred later in the year to the Army of the Potomac under Major General George B. McClellan, he commanded the 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, I Corps in the defenses of Washington, D.C.. Patrick's brigade (renumbered as the 3rd Brigade) suffered hundreds of casualties in the Maryland Campaign, seeing action at the battles of South Mountain and Antietam.

In the reorganization of the command structure following Antietam, Patrick was named as the Provost Marshal for the Army of the Potomac on October 6, 1862. When Major General Joseph Hooker took command of the army in January of 1863 he had Patrick create the Bureau of Military Information, a network of intelligence agents. At the Battle of Gettysburg, Patrick oversaw the processing of thousands of Confederate prisoners of war. In early 1864, when Ulysses S. Grant arrived in the Eastern Theater and assumed authority over multiple armies, Patrick was elevated to provost marshal for the combined forces operating against Richmond, Virginia. Patrick resigned from the army on June 12, 1865.

Patrick moved to Manlius, NY, and from 1867 through 1868, he served as president of the New York State Agricultural Society, then spent the next two years as a state commissioner, a role he again held from 1879 through 1880. He became a widely known public speaker, particularly on topics related to technological advances in agriculture. Interested in the care of former soldiers, Patrick moved to Ohio and became the governor of the central branch of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers.

Marsena Patrick died in Dayton, Ohio, and was buried in the Dayton National Cemetery. His diary, frequently critical of the Army's commanders, was published in 1964.  [ad] [ph:L]

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